Microsurgery is a reconstructive procedure that repairs the patient's blood vessels and nerves. This is a highly specialized field in plastic surgery and consists of procedures used to resolve complicated reconstructive issues when grafting, primary closure or local flap transfer are not sufficient.
It involves the transplant of tissues from one area of the body to another for the functional and aesthetic restoration of defects caused by trauma, cancer or congenital conditions.
Microsurgical procedures are undertaken within a multi-disciplinary team which may include medical, radiation and surgical oncologists, pathologists, intensive care physicians, maxillo-facial surgeons, prosthodontists, dieticians, physiotherapists and psychologists.
Standard microsurgery procedures include:
The duration of the microsurgical procedure depends on each case. Generally, microsurgery takes four to twelve hours.
Side effects include bleeding, swelling, infection, scarring, skin loss, seroma, skin discolouration and pain.
The major risk of microsurgery involves complications due to the extent and complexity of the procedure, including deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism and tissue transfer necrosis due to failure of revascularization of the vessels.
Recovery is usually prolonged and a patient may need hospitalization for up to 10 days in hospital depending on the complexity of the surgery.
Typically, after microsurgery, the patient experiences swelling, which will eventually subside over time. Results may only be noticeable a few months after the procedure. Subsequent smaller procedures may be required to improved or enhance the results of the initial microsurgical reconstruction.
WHEN YOU CHOOSE A DOCTOR WHO IS A MEMBER OF APRASSA, YOU CAN BE ASSURED THAT YOUR SURGEON IS QUALIFIED IN ALL ASPECTS OF COSMETIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY.
The Association of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons of Southern Africa was formed in 1956. It currently has over 169 members from all around South Africa. All our members are fully qualified Plastic surgeons that have been approved for APRASSA membership and will endeavour to provide you with excellent care throughout your plastic surgery journey.